Shavuot - the fulfillment of the Covenant
Shavuot or Shovuos in Ashkenazi usage; Shavuʿoth in Sephardi and Mizrahi Hebrew (Hebrew: שָׁבוּעוֹת , lit. "Weeks"), is known as the Feast of Weeks in English and as Pentecost . God both for the first fruits of the field and for His guidance throughout Jewish history (Scherman, p. .. "The Shavuot Marriage Contract". The Christian feast of Pentecost and the Jewish fest of Shavuot are related. in fact Shavuot is known also as Pentecost. Pentecost refers to fifty. 1 THE RELATION OF PENTECOST TO PASSOVER; 2 THE OFFERING The Feast of Shavuot is kept on the fiftieth day counting from the offering of the Feast .. our total dependence upon the Holy Spirit to give us the guidance and anointing.
What Are Pentecost and Shavuot? 10 Things Christians Should Know
Since it was a pilgrimage festival, a large procession of other Jews would be carrying their baskets on the road, singing songs of joyful praise. They would place their baskets on oxen adorned with garlands of flowers in a grand parade to Jerusalem! As the pilgrims passed through various towns along the way, they would be accompanied by still others Deut. At the mishkan or Templeeach family would present the basket of fruits to a kohen priest to be put before the altar while reciting the following passage from the book of Deuteronomy: A wandering Aramean was my father.
And he went down into Egypt and sojourned there, few in number, and there he became a nation, great, mighty, and populous. And the Egyptians treated us harshly and humiliated us and laid on us hard labor. And the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, with great deeds of terror, with signs and wonders.
And he brought us into this place and gave us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey. Just as a sample of the first crop of barley was waved before the altar during the festival of Firstfruitsso on Shavu'ot a sample of the first crop of the wheat harvest was brought to the priests, baked into two loaves of leavened bread shtei halechemand then waved tenufah before the altar as a concluding rite of the season.
This was the only time leavened bread was used by the priests for the avodah see Lev. Shavuot stands in contrast to Passover that requires unleavened bread matzahsince the two loaves of bread made from the first fruit of the wheat harvest were baked with chametz yeast before being "waved before the LORD" Lev.
There is some uncertainty among Jewish sages regarding the meaning of the use of the otherwise forbidden leaven Lev. While the Temple was still standing, Shavuot along with Passover and Sukkotwas one of the three pilgrim holidays shalosh regalim when Jews would come to Jerusalem to make a sacrifice of their crop's first fruits. After the Temple was destroyed in A.
Sinai during the month of Sivan Ex. While this custom called tikkun leil shavu'ot is beautiful, Jewish law prohibits afflicting or torturing oneself on a holiday, so if you are tired or won't feel well the next day, it is better to go to sleep.
- Hebrew Roots/Holy Days/Pentecost/Overview
A tikkun order presents small excerpts from each book of the Tanakh as well as tractates from the Talmud see below. According to various Jewish sources, the basic timeline for the giving of the Torah at Sinai is as follows: This is called Rosh Chodashim. Nisan 15 - Passover Two weeks later, on a Thursday, God was ready to deliver the Israelites from their bondage in Egypt.
Differences Between Pentecost and the Jewish Feast of Weeks
Earlier that evening the Israelites kept the Passover Seder and sprinkled the blood of the lamb on their doorposts. At the stroke of midnight of Nisan 15 the LORD sent the last of the ten plagues on the Egyptians, killing all their firstborn.
This was the breaking point for Pharaoh and Israel was "permitted" to leave Egypt. Nisan 18 - Pharaoh Pursues Three days after the Exodus, and regardless of the plagues and devastation that befell Egypt, Pharaoh mobilized his army and pursued the Jews to bring them back.
Perhaps this was the result of Pharoah realizing that the "three-day feast to the LORD" in the wilderness was a permanent escape from his clutches Nachshon ben Aminadav of the tribe of Judah was the first to jump into the sea; the water split, and "the children of Israel walked across on the dry land in the midst of the sea. Nisan 24 - the first Shabbat celebrated Two days later the Israelites arrived in Marah where they received the commandment to observe Shabbat.
What Are Pentecost and Shavuot? 10 Things Christians Should Know - Bible Study
Iyyar 15 - Manna is given One month after the Exodus, God provided bread from heaven manna which sustained the Israelites during their years of wandering through the desert. In light of the divine provision of food, the commandment not to collect manna on Shabbat is restated on Iyyar Iyyar 23 - Water from the Rock 38 days after the Exodus the Israelites arrived at Rephidim, a desert area. The people complained that they would die of thirst but the LORD commanded Moses to strike a rock with his staff to produce water.
Sivan - the three days of preparation On Sivan 3 the LORD instructed Moses to "set boundaries" hagbalah for the people around the mountain in preparation for the giving of the Torah three days later Exod.
This is obviously unlikely, but it is part of Jewish tradition, nonetheless. Following this initial revelation, Moses re-ascended Sinai for 40 days, to receive the remainder of the Torah. This date coincides exactly with the festival of Shavuot. The Omer Controversy and the date of Shavuot Later on, after the Israelites had settled into the Promised Land, Shavuot began to take on other significance.
Unlike the other mo'edim holidays given in the Torah, however, Shavuot has no explicit date but must be inferred from Leviticus This controversy is not insignificant, since Shavuot is one of the three mo'edim appointed times in which all males are directly commanded to appear before LORD in Jerusalem Exodus Since the date of Shavuot depends on the first day of the omer, starting the count on the wrong day would imply that festival would be observed at the wrong time.
The red color symbolizes the tongues of fire which descended from heaven. It also symbolizes the great deeds of several martyrs who shed their blood. Pentecost is also called the Jewish Feast of Weeks because it describes the time span of the harvest celebration which includes the grain harvest, barley harvest, and wheat harvest.
The children of Israel are also important on this occasion. In celebration of Pentecost, they are to bring two loaves of leavened bread to the temple. These loaves of leavened bread are used as wave offerings. They can only be eaten after the harvest ceremony is fully completed.
The Jews also offer burnt animal offerings before the Lord. They can share and eat the meals with the poor people, and even the strangers.Adult Forum: The Relationship between Passover (Pesach) and Pentecost (Shavuot) - Part 2
Summary Pentecost and the Jewish Feast of Weeks are the same festivity. This festivity is also known as Harvest, Shavuot, and the Day of Firstfruits. According to the Zohareach day of the year correlates to one of the Torah's negative commandments.
Shavuot corresponds to the commandment "Bring the first fruits of your land to the house of God your Lord; do not cook a kid in its mother's milk" Exodus Since the first day to bring Bikkurim the first fruits is Shavuot, the second half of the verse refers to the custom to eat two separate meals — one milk, one meat — on Shavuot.
Ruth's conversion to Judaism, and consequent entry into that covenant, is described in the book. This theme accordingly resonates with other themes of the day; 5 Another central theme of the book is hesed loving-kindnessa major theme of the Torah.
Greenery also figures in the story of the baby Moses being found among the bulrushes in a watertight cradle Ex. Some Eastern Sephardi communities actually read out a ketubah between God and Israel, composed by Rabbi Israel Najara as part of the service. This custom was also adopted by some Hasidic communities, particularly from Hungary.
They overslept and Moses had to wake them up because God was already waiting on the mountaintop. During one of those study sessions, an angel appeared and taught them Jewish law. People may learn alone or with a chavruta study partneror attend late-night shiurim lectures and study groups.
OverJews came to see and pray at the site that had been off-limits to them since The custom of walking to the Western Wall on Shavuot has continued every year since.
The Tikkun Leil Shavuot "Rectification for Shavuot Night" consists of excerpts from the beginning and end of each of the 24 books of Tanakh including the reading in full of several key sections such as the account of the days of creationThe Exodusthe giving of the Ten Commandments and the Shema and the 63 books of Mishnah,   followed by the reading of Sefer Yetzirahthe commandments as enumerated by Maimonidesand excerpts from the Zoharwith opening and concluding prayers.
The whole reading is divided into thirteen parts, after each of which a Kaddish di-Rabbanan is recited when the Tikkun is studied with a minyan. This service is held in most communities, with the notable exception of Spanish and Portuguese Jews.
Hebrew Roots/Holy Days/Pentecost/Overview - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
The service is printed in a special book, itself also called Tikkun Leil Shavuot. Confirmation ceremonies[ edit ] In the 19th century, several Orthodox synagogues in Britain and Australia held confirmation ceremonies for year-old girls on Shavuot, a precursor to the modern Bat Mitzvah. The graduating class stands in front of an open arkrecalling the standing of the Israelites at Mount Sinai for the giving of the Torah. These discussions center around two ways of looking at Shavuot: Jose holds that it was given on the seventh of that month.
According to the classical timeline, the Israelites arrived at the wilderness of Sinai on the new moon Ex.