JFK and Khrushchev meet in Vienna: June 3, - POLITICO
In addition to Berlin, Kennedy later told reporters, Khrushchev had berated him on a wide range of Cold War issues, including “wars of national. The Foreign Relations subseries for the Kennedy years, , therefore President Kennedy and Chairman Khrushchev, the efforts at arms control, the on the major issues and crises in relations with the Soviet Union is presented in. The Vienna summit was a summit meeting held on June 4, , in Vienna, Austria, between President John F. Kennedy of the United States and Premier Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union. The leaders of the two superpowers of the Cold War era discussed numerous issues in the relationship between their countries. Kennedy and Khrushchev first met at the Vienna Summit in June
Too often forgotten is that Kennedy, using mercenaries, had tried, and failedto remove Castro at the Bay of Pigs in April The US had then continued a vicious and extensive campaign of overt and covert aggression against Cuba, encompassing harassment, sabotage, economic and political warfare, plans to destroy the sugar crop and to assassinate Castro.
Kennedy — and, possibly even more, his brother Robert — wanted to see Castro finished. The secrecy essential to Khrushchev's plan was breached when a U-2 overflight of Cuba spotted the missiles on 14 October. Kennedy had the aerial photographs on his desk on 16 October, initiating "13 days" of an "eyeball to eyeball" crisis, which ended on 28 October. In fact, the crisis was shorter and arguably less dangerous than often portrayed.
JFK Was Completely Unprepared For His Summit with Khrushchev
Kennedy instituted a naval blockade of Cuba on 24 October, but Soviet ships were instructed not to breach it. And Soviet records show that on 25 October, the leadership was already considering dismantling the missiles in return for "pledges not to touch Cuba".
Khrushchev clearly wanted a way out, fast. He had no intention of using his missiles, and looked anxious rather than dangerous. The outline of a settlement — Khrushchev renouncing his missiles, Kennedy pledging not to invade Cuba — was dispatched from Moscow to Washington as early as 26 October. The correspondence between these two leaders was unique in a number of ways. It gave rise to the first informal written exchange between Cold War leaders.
Its existence as a reliable, direct, and quick channel of communications was instrumental in avoiding international catastrophe during the Cuban missile crisis. It was a key early contributor to the learning process that over several decades allowed leaders of the two nations to communicate with each other with growing mutual understanding and eventually trust.
In the field of arms control, the exchange allowed President Kennedy and Chairman Khrushchev to haggle over the details of an arms control agreement; in later years that function was assumed by growing arms control bureaucracies and standing delegations. The correspondence also showed clear differences in the personalities and leadership styles of the two men, as well as the larger political cultures in which they worked.
This correspondence includes both formal and public exchanges as well as the more informal and very confidential exchanges, transmitted through special emissaries, which became known as the "pen pal" correspondence.
JFK Was Completely Unprepared For His Summit with Khrushchev - HISTORY
The channel was intended to give the two men a chance to exchange ideas in a "purely informal and personal way," as expressed by Chairman Khrushchev in his letter of September 29, Some of the informal messages were, however, made public immediately, sometimes before the recipient received them, but most of the messages were declassified only in later decades. The editors have indicated in the source footnotes if and when a communication was released to the public if that information was found.
The correspondence between President Kennedy and Chairman Khrushchev presented the editors of the Foreign Relations series with special problems. All of the Khrushchev messages printed here are translations into English of the original Russian texts, but it was not always apparent where or by whom the translation was made. The editors have favored publishing the translations seen at the time by President Kennedy and his advisers and have attempted to identify the source of the original translation.President JFK & Soviet Leader KHRUSHCHEV Meet - Rare Silent Archival Footage - John F. Kennedy
Some of these texts were hastily translated and many contain inaccuracies or errors. The editors have in a few cases indicated a more accurate translation of words or phrases.
The exception among these contemporary translations is Chairman Khrushchev's message of April 1,unavailable in U.
The editors have also identified, to the extent possible, the mode of transmission of the messages whether delivered in Moscow to the U. Embassy or transmitted by Soviet authorities in Moscow to the Soviet Embassy in Washington for translation to the President or one of his advisers.
Both the records gathered at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and those of the Department of State include collections of this correspondence between President Kennedy and Chairman Khrushchev.
None of these collections is complete.