Meet Margot Frank, The Older Sister Of Anne Who Also Had A Diary
The second set of questions examines the relationship of Anne to the world outside . In the first years of the occupation, Anne and Margot continued to socialize with .. To accomplish these goals, the Nazis advocated a Germany free of Jews. and find homework help for other Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, History Anne's letter encapsulates her relationship with Margot: she respects and. Everything you ever wanted to know about Anne Frank in The Diary of Anne Frank, Before she goes into hiding, she has a time-consuming relationship going on with . Margot's letter to Anne about Peter suggests that Margot was more.
Anne's bedroom and asks if Anne wants to say her prayers with her instead of Mr. Anne declines, and Mrs. Frank bursts into tears. Frank wears frayed trousers and the linens go unwashed due to detergent rationing. Anne celebrates her 14th birthday. Frank composes a special poem for her, which Margot translates into Dutch.
Anne receives candy and The adults are quarreling with each other. Frank is upset with the van Daans — he's under the impression that they're hoarding food. In an effort to help take their mind off things, Mr. Frank orders a catalog from a correspondence school and encourages the Annex dwellers to take lessons Anne realizes that she no longer feels jealous of Margot's relationship with Mr.
She assesses her behavior toward her parents, and wonders if she'll ever be the Anne suggests that Peter should go talk to Mr. Frank about his parents — she feels he might be able to help Peter with his Frank finds solace in knowing that others are suffering far worse, Mr. Frank remains optimistic, and Mr.
Dussel simply looks out for himself. Meanwhile, Peter has invited both Margot and Anne up to the attic, and Mr. Frank says that Anne shouldn't worry about whether Mrs.
Frank to a break-in at the warehouse. Anne and the other denizens of the Annex are Anne resolves to tell her father about her relationship with Peter. Frank is at first accepting, but upon further thought he cautions Anne against the relationship, citing Frank is upset that Anne and Peter continue to engage in "Knutscherej" necking. Frank is deeply hurt by Anne's letter, and the two have a tearful heart-to-heart.
Frank loses a bet against Mrs. Anne is grateful for their Christian allies. Miep has assured Mr. Frank that they haven't been "infected with the current anti-Semitism. In response to a chapter called "Father and Mother Don't Understand Me," Anne explores her own feelings of isolation, particularly her alienation He was hiding two Jews in his house.
What did Anne think about the helpers? Did she think that they were heroes?
The Diary of a Young Girl Teacher’s Guide
What is your definition of a hero? Make a list, based on the diary, of what Anne could no longer do. How would your day be different if you had to follow these laws? Describe a typical day for you under these restrictions. What is a stereotype? Create your own definition. Do any of the stereotypes that Anne wrote about still exist?
What other stereotypes exist today? After her fifteenth birthday she wrote: Study the attitudes of the early s and today. Why did Anne believe that women were considered inferior? Was Anne a feminist ahead of her time? Oh no, the common man is every bit as guilty; otherwise, people and nations would have rebelled long ago! Otto Frank was the only survivor of the Secret Annex. Anne Frank and the other inhabitants died. Was it the leaders? Was it those who enforced the legislation?
Was it those who transported them on cattle cars? Was it those who administered the concentration and death camps? Was it the townspeople near the camps? Questions for Group Discussion Adult Readers a After the Nazi invasion of the Netherlands in Maythe Dutch people were immediately faced with the question of choice: Tens of thousands of Dutch people followed Hitler, and millions more looked the other way. Eventually, a resistance movement began to grow. The Nazis needed Dutch collaborators to carry out their fascist decrees.
What would have influenced someone to become a collaborator? What factors would have encouraged someone to join the resistance?
Do you think these factors were based on personal characteristics or political beliefs? What was the price of resistance during the war? What was the price of collaboration? Although the Franks were proud of their German heritage, their feelings toward Germany became very complicated during the war. And besides, there are no greater enemies on earth than the Germans and Jews. Although Anne had lived in the Netherlands sinceshe did not become a Dutch citizen.
Did Anne have a nationality? Did these refugees have any guaranteed rights? After the war Otto Frank responded to references to "the Germans" by asking "which German? What constitutes a stereotype?
- Dear Danville
How is a stereotype different from discrimination? He believed that Anne would have wanted him to do so. Do you think he was correct? When was the last time as an adult that you experienced the "shattering" of an ideal? Is the media a neutral force, or do you think it plays a role in supporting or destroying idealism? Why do so many of them deny their own heroism? What social conditions would be necessary for them to grow?
Meet Margot Frank — Anne’s Older Sister Who Also Had A Diary
What do you believe would be the most likely basis of another world war: He answered, "One hundred dead are a catastrophe, a million dead are a statistic. How should accountability be assigned? So many say they never understood what was happening.
How likely could that have been? Irrational prejudice, discrimination against Jews, dislike, fear, and persecution of Jews. The Nazi term for what they considered the German race. It is not a racial term and has no biological validity. Aryan was made up by the Nazis to refer to a racial ideal that they claimed was "superior"—that is, the "master race.
Largest of the Nazi concentration camps, located in Southwestern Poland, with a killing center at Birkenau. More than one million Jews were murdered there. Farben company and manufactured Buna, synthetic rubber. A concentration camp in northern Germany, plagued by epidemics, overcrowding, and planned starvation. These conditions led to the deaths of more than 34, people, including Anne and Margot Frank. Prison camps that held Jews, Gypsies, political and religious opponents of the Nazis, resistance fighters, homosexual men and women, and others considered enemies of the state.
People died of starvation, slave labor, and disease. Six major death camps whose primary purpose was killing in an assembly-line fashion by gassing.
Dear Danville | The Gazette
Forced removal of Jews in Nazi-occupied countries from their homes under the pretense of resettlement in the East. Most were shipped to death camps. SS mobile killing squads responsible for massacres in Eastern Europe of Jews, communist leaders, and Gypsies.
Camps where prisoners were used as slave labor. On July 5,Margot Frank received a notice to report for forced labor in Germany.
Deliberate, systematic murder of an entire political, cultural, racial, or religious group. The Secret State Police of the Third Reich, which used terror, arrest, and torture to eliminate political opposition and round up Jews and others. Areas of cities and towns in Eastern Europe in which Jews were forced to live in extreme, overcrowded conditions that included starvation, cold, and disease.
Beginning inghetto inhabitants were sent to concentration and death camps or massacred. A term for Roma and Sinti groups persecuted by the Nazis. The state-sponsored pogrom unleashed on the Jewish communities of Germany and Austria on November 9 and 10, Mein Kampf My Struggle: Mein Kampf details his plan to make Europe judenrein.
The Nazi radical, right-wing, anti-Semitic political party headed by Adolf Hitler from to Laws passed in the fall ofstripping Jews of their political rights by making them stateless. Control of a country by a foreign military power.
The Netherlands was occupied by the Nazi government of Germany. Organized violence against Jews, often with the support of the government.
The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank - Teacher's Guide - japancarnews.info: Books
A forced round-up of Jews in the Netherlands. Schutzstaffel, black-shirted elite guard of Hitler, later the political police in charge of the concentration and death camps. An ancient religious symbol hooked crossthat became the official symbol of the Nazi Party. Now banned in Germany, the swastika is still used by neo-Nazis around the world. The Nazi term for Germany and the occupied territories from January to April A group acting in secrecy to oppose the government and resist the occupying enemy forces.
German republic from toa parliamentary democracy established after World War I, with Weimar as its capital city. Jewish transit camp in northeastern Holland where almostJews were deported between and to the Auschwitz-Birkenau, Sobibor, Theresienstadt, and Bergen-Belsen concentration and death camps.
This six-pointed Star of David was a Jewish symbol that the Nazis forced Jews above the age of six to wear as a mark of shame and to make Jews visible.
In the Netherlands the star carried the Dutch word Jood, meaning "Jew," in the middle. From May until she went into hiding, Anne Frank wore the yellow star, separating her from the rest of the Dutch population. Born in the waning years of the democratic Weimar Republic, Anne Frank was only four years old when Hitler and the Nazi Party ascended to power.
Unemployment, inflation, labor unrest, and rising violence in the streets were all associated in the popular mind with the inablility and inefficiency of the Weimar politicians. Its programs promised to restore honor and greatness to Germany.
To accomplish these goals, the Nazis advocated a Germany free of Jews and other groups who endangered the destiny of the Third Reich. As soon as the Nazis were in power, Jews, a very small minority in Germany, were subjected to arbitrary arrests and attacks in the streets. Humiliation of Jews in their synagogues, an economic boycott of Jewish businesses in Apriland the firing of Jewish civil servants further demonstrated the hostile environment.
Jews who stayed in Germany witnessed a gradual progression of anti-Semitic measures. While there was sporadic terror against Jews inby the Nuremberg Laws determined who the Jews were, legalizing their inferiority and their stateless status. Hundreds of pieces of anti-Semitic legislation became law in the middle and late s, segregating Jews from all aspects of German life. Inas the Third Reich expanded to incorporate Austria and parts of Czechoslovakia, the Nazis escalated their campaign against the Jews.
A world conference at Evian, France, with representatives from thirty-two nations, failed to offer any help or haven for the Jews of Germany and Austria. On November 9 and 10,a nationwide pogrom, later known as Kristallnacht Night of the Broken Glass resulted in massive destruction of Jewish property and synagogues. Thirty thousand Jewish men and boys were arrested and deported to concentration camps. On the eve of the war Hitler ordered the killing of institutionalized handicapped patients, calling them "useless eaters.
Countries in Eastern and Western Europe were rapidly invaded. By Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France were controlled by the Nazis, who established ghettos, transit camps, and forced-labor camps, in addition to the concentration camps.
The German invasion and conquest of the Netherlands began on May 10,and ended on May 14, after the destruction of Rotterdam. Throughout most of Nazi-occupied Europe the Nazis now expanded their program to make Europe judenrein, or "Jew-free," an idea that had been introduced in the s.
However, during the war years anti-Semitic legislation and physical violence against Jews intensified. In the Netherlands, they were registered, isolated, and removed from public life; their businesses were Aryanized within eighteen months. The year marked a turning point in the course of the war. The German Army invaded the Soviet Union, thereby increasing by 3 million the number of Jews under their domination. Mobile killing squads called Einsatzgruppen followed the German army throughout the conquered territories, where they rounded up people, forced them to undress in front of mass graves, and shot them en masse.
In the summer and fall ofthe Nazi hierarchy decided to move to the next stage of their policy regarding Jews. This led to the period of systematic mass murder in death camps, beginning in latewhich the Nazis referred to in their code words "The Final Solution of the Jewish Question.
The purpose of the death camps was mainly to kill Jews, but there were many other victims as well. Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau were special cases, having both labor facilities and killing centers. Other camps such as Bergen-Belsen became places of death for thousands of victims through starvation and disease.
In addition to these camps, the Nazis continued to expand the slave-labor-camp system to thousands throughout the Third Reich. Here prisoners were literally worked until they were no long useful to the Nazis, then put to death. There were, however, people throughout the Third Reich who found the courage to help others. Organized resistance to the Nazis was punishable by death, but despite this, there were armed revolts by Jews in the death camps of Treblinka, Sobibor, and Auschwitz.
The Nazis began Razzen, or roundups: Jewish men and boys were grabbed from their homes, beaten, and deported. In June the Dutch people of Amsterdam protested in a two-day strike which Nazi troops quickly put down. In the first months that the Frank family lived in the Secret Annex, the death camps in Poland were operating at full capacity.
Anne sensed the danger for Jews, although she was not aware of the full magnitude of mass murder occurring hundreds of miles to the east. As she remarked in her diary on November 19, No one is spared.
The sick, the elderly, children, babies, and pregnant women—all are marched to their death. Listening to the news of the war on the radio was extremely important to the inhabitants of the Annex. News of events such as the halting of German troops in the Soviet Union in Februaryas well as the Allied invasion of Sicily and Italy beginning the following July, prompted Anne to write optimistically about the approaching end of the war.
Nevertheless, she was saddened to realize that the declining military situation for Germany did not mitigate the war against the Jews. She especially despaired over the massive arrests and deportation of Hungarian Jews in May and June Although D Day operations elated Anne and the others in the Annex, the war still dragged on, leaving them wondering when it would ever end. On July 15,Anne expressed her sense of foreboding: I see the world being slowly transformed into a wilderness, I hear the approaching thunder that, one day, will destroy us too, I feel the suffering of millions.
And yet, when I look up at the sky, I somehow feel that everything will change for the better, that this cruelty too shall end, that peace and tranquility will return once more. In the meantime, I must hold on to my ideals. The End of the War The arrests of the residents of the Secret Annex on August 4,and their subsequent deportation from Westerbork to Auschwitz took place during the months that the Germans were facing defeat.
Soviet troops had already entered the Majdanek death camp in Lublin and publicized the horrors they found. As the Allies reached the occupied countries, the Nazis began to cover up the evidence of genocide and forced prisoners to march on foot toward central Germany to prevent their liberation. Many inmates died or were killed if they could not walk.
During the final days, in the spring ofconditions at the remaining camps were so inhumane that many more died. Concentration camps such as Bergen-Belsen became a death trap for thousands, including Anne and Margot Frank.
The loss of Jewish lives in the Netherlands alone illustrates the magnitude of mass murder that occurred during the Holocaust. By July the country was virtually judenrein. In approximatelyJews had lived in the Netherlands during the Nazi occupation;Jews there, three out of every four, perished. By May Nazi Germany collapsed and the war was over in Europe.
The SS guards fled the concentration, forced-labor, and death camps. The camps were liberated and the world saw the evidence of the Holocaust. The Aftermath After the war the world tried to grapple with what had happened and to work to prevent its recurrence. Judges from the Allied Powers, including Great Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union, heard evidence against twenty-two Nazi criminals for "crimes against peace" and "war crimes," which violated the laws and customs of warfare, and "crimes against humanity.
Most of those prosecuted admitted that they were guilty of the crimes of which they were accused. That they were simply following orders of a higher established power. He and several of his top aides had committed suicide in the final days of the war. Subsequent trials have continued to this day.
In the United States, where many war criminals escaped, the government deports those who participated in the persecution during the Nazi regime and came to this country illegally.
The Nuremberg trials revealed fully what can happen when a state decides to dehumanize its citizens. The hope was to seek justice against those who participated in the murder of millions, including Anne Frank, simply because they were Jewish. Timeline of Events in Germany and Europe November 11, End of World War I. The Nazis receive Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany. Freedom of speech and assembly is suspended by the Nazi government.
The Gestapo, or Secret State Police, is established. Dachau, the main concentration camp for political prisoners, is built. The Nazis declare a boycott of Jewish businesses and medical and legal practices. A law excluding non-Aryans removes Jews from government and teaching positions.
Books by Jews, political enemies of the Nazi state, and other "undesirables" are burned in huge rallies throughout Germany. Hitler bans all political parties except for the Nazi Party. Forced sterilization of the racially "inferior," primarily Gypsies and African-Germans, and the "unfit," the mentally and physically disabled, begins. The Nuremberg Laws are passed defining Jews as noncitizens and making mixed Aryan and Jewish marriage illegal.
Germans march into the Rhineland, violating the Versailles Treaty.